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      CELEBRATING INDEPENDENCE DAY WITH PARADES

Da:

      WORDS AND THEIR STORIES: NICKNAMES FOR PHILADELPHIA AND BOSTON

Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES. Almost all American cities have nicknames. They help establish a city’s identity.  They can also spread unity and pride among its citizens.

Two east coast cities — Philadelphia and Boston — were both important in the early history of the United States. Philadelphia is best known as The City of Brotherly Love…

Da:

http://www1.voanews.com/learningenglish/
home/words-stories/
Nicknames-for-Philadelphia-and-Boston-89834907.html

      STUDY TIES NEW DOCTORS TO JUMP IN HOSPITAL DEATHS IN JULY

Being a patient in certain hospitals in the month of July can be dangerous or even deadly. That was the finding of sociology professor David Phillips at the University of California, San Diego, and his student Gwendolyn Barker….


Da:

      NEW WEBSITE GIVES KIDS AN ‘AD-UCATION’ ABOUT MARKETING AIMED AT THEM

I’m Doug Johnson.

Today we listen to a new album of songs by Shel Silverstein…

And answer a question about dinosaurs.

But first, we visit a website for children to explore the world of advertising…

Da:

http://www1.voanews.com/learningenglish/
home/education/Website-Gives-Kids-Ad-ucation-.html

      HARD TO BELIEVE | ESL PODCAST

I went to a movie with my friends the other day.  We got there early so we could get good seats and make sure we all sat together.  Just as the movie was about to start, some tall woman with huge hair sat right in front of me.  I could barely see a thing.  She was absolutely hideous and reeked of cheap perfume.  I would have changed seats but by that time the theatre was full.  I needed to come up with a plan.  There was no way I was going to sit for two hours staring at that hair.  Luckily a friend of mine had a pair of scissors in her purse.  I knew it was risky but the perfume and the whole situation was making me lose control.  I felt I did what anyone in my situation would do.  I started cutting.  Naturally, she noticed immediately, and screamed, “What the hell are you doing?”  I was caught red-handed.  I wasn’t in much of a position to deny anything considering the fact that I had the scissors in my hand.  I said, “I know this is going to sound hard to believe but it wasn’t me”.  She was so angry and confused she just got up and left.  I was able to watch the rest of the movie in peace.  It was great!  It’s too bad she missed it.  

      IN THE GARDEN: GETTING THE MOST OUT OF MUMS

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

People have grown chrysanthemums for more than two thousand years. Chinese and other Asian cultures make tea with the flowers. But mums also make bright and colorful gardens.

One basic kind of mum is the hardy or garden mum. The other basic kind is the florist mum. The garden mum is better able to handle different growing conditions than the florist mum.

There are many varieties of mums. The decorative mum is often seen in gardens. Another popular type, the quill mum, has long, straight petals like a tube or needle.

Chrysanthemum blooms can be white, yellow, gold, red or other colors. The plants often grow to one meter in height.

The soil should be kept moist but well drained so it does not get too wet.

Newly planted mums should be watered two or three times a week, depending on conditions. Plants established in the ground may do well just with normal rainfall. In dry conditions they will need more water.

Mums grow best in full sunshine. They produce colorful blooms when days get shorter and nights get longer. The life cycle of the plant depends on the amount of daylight. This is why experts advise against placing mums near nightlights or streetlights. The light may interfere with their normal growth cycle. The plants may develop buds too soon.

In climates where temperatures fall below freezing, plant mums at least six weeks before the first frost is expected. That way, the plants will be well established for cold weather.

Placing mulch around the plants can protect them from the cold. Doug Akers from the cooperative extension service at Purdue University in Indiana suggests straw or shredded leaves for the mulch. The material will also add nutrients to the soil.

Some gardeners say the most beautiful presentation comes from planting mums close together. But they also advise leaving enough space between the plants so air can flow. If not, the chance of disease may increase.

To get more blooms, gardeners pinch back the branches when new growth has extended to fifteen centimeters. Squeeze about five to seven centimeters off each branch. Pinch again when a branch grows another twelve to fifteen centimeters. Stop pinching about one hundred days before you want the plants to bloom.

And that’s the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. You can find all of our reports with transcripts and MP3s at voaspecialenglish.com. I’m Faith Lapidus.

      EPISODE 076 - STRICT PARENT | ESL PODCAST

A:  Are you going to Sara’s party this weekend?

B:  I can’t.  I’m grounded.

A:  What did you do this time? 

B:  My mom lost it on me when she found out I had a porno magazine in my room.  She told me I’m not allowed to watch TV or meet any friends for a week. 

A:  Your mom is pretty strict.  Do you think there is any way you can get her to make an exception for the party?

B:  No way.  My mom is a total psycho about these things.  She’s so stubborn when she makes her mind up about something. 

A:  Well, you can’t miss the party.  It’s going to be amazing.  You should sneak out of your bedroom window when she’s asleep and go to the party for at least a couple hours. 

 


Grounded: 
When a child does something wrong, their parents might “ground” them as
a form of punishment.  This means that the child isn’t allowed to leave
the house or do certain things such as watch TV, surf the internet, or
talk on the phone with friends. 

Lost it on me:  If
someone “loses it” on someone else it means that they lose their temper
and get uncontrollably angry.  His girlfriend lost it on him when she
saw him with another girl.


Porno Magazine:
  This is the type of “sex” magazine with mostly pictures of naked women.


Make an exception:
  This means to allow something that is normally not allowed in a similar situation. 

Ex. She told me she usually doesn’t kiss on the first date, but I guess she made an exception because of my charming behavior.

Psycho:  A “psycho” is a crazy person.  In spoken English amongst friends, we often say that people are pychos in some area of life. 

Ex. He will go psycho if someone touches his new computer.

Stubborn:  Very
unwilling to change an idea or behavior.  Even if she knows she’s wrong
she will never admit it because she is so stubborn.


Sneak out: 

“Sneaking” means to do something in a way that other people don’t
notice.  If you are “sneaking out” of the house it means that you will
leave the house quietly so that no one knows you are gone.