SVILUPPO E SPERIMENTAZIONE DI UN ALGORITMO EFFICIENTE DI UNO SCHEMA DI PALLETTIZZAZIONE PER UN ROBOT ANTROPOMORFO UTILIZZATO PER LA COSTRUZIONE DI PANCALI MONOPRODOTTO

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The PLP (Pallet Loading Problem) is the problem of packing small identical items (i.e. boxes or products) into a large object (the pallet).Similar applications interest many areas as warehousing and distribution. Recent rises in transportation and storage costs have highlighted the importance to optimize the space and the time in the packing process. This means: maximizing the number of products that can be fitted on the pallet, maximizing the load stability, and minimizing the time to complete the packing process. Unfortunately these three procedures are not independent each other and the best solution could change in dependence of the necessity of the user, and in dependence of the automation system employed in the process. In this paper we try to consider the whole PLP problem, realized by a anthropomorphic robot, in order to give a solution that could satisfy the real necessity of the user.According to the typology of Dyckhoff, this is a problem of type 2/B/O/C.